As people get older, their eyes change in ways that affect vision. For example, an older adult might need reading glasses or have trouble driving at night.
Annual eye examinations are recommended for all adults over age 60. Optometrists and ophthalmologists can check eye health and vision.
People having difficulty seeing might:
Normal, age-related vision changes can make it difficult for older adults to:
Older adults' eyes might produce fewer tears. This condition, called dry eye, can lead to infection, inflammation and eye damage, if not treated. Eye drops or artificial tears can help.
Age-related health conditions that affect vision include:
People with diabetes or high blood pressure are more likely to have vision problems and are encouraged to have at least one eye exam per year.
Some medications have eye-related side effects. For example, antihistamines and cholesterol-lowering medications can make dry eye worse.
Around the home, older adults can see better with added lighting, keeping the level of light similar between rooms. Using light shades and covering up shiny floor surfaces reduces glare.